A global right
Safe injections are an essential component of modern healthcare, and their provision should be considered a basic human right.
Unsafe injections can lead to the transmission of deadly diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. This can result in a significant health and economic burden on individuals, families, and societies.
Number of medical injections approximately given globally every year
Of the injections are regarded as unsafe to patients
* Estimated by the WHO
Re-use of syringes
By far the most common reason for unsafe injections is the practice of re-using syringes or syringe needles. WHO has issued forceful recommendations to its member countries to advocate the implementation of re-use prevention systems (RUP) for syringes in order to protect patients from blood borne infections caused by multiply used syringes.
Some of the most serious chronic viral infections are spread through blood-blood contact and the re-use of syringes carries a significant portion of such infections.
Of global Hepatitis B incidence
is due to infected needle-stick
* All figures are official WHO statistics.
Of global Hepatitis C incidence is
due to infected needle-stick
Of global HIV incidence is due to
Common re-use in India
The practice of re-using syringes is particularly common in low and middle-income countries, notably in India where medical injections are common practice for many mild illnesses where oral drugs are used elsewhere. More than four billion injections take place in India annually.
Furthermore, there are significant second-hand markets for syringes, notably in India and Pakistan and among drug users globally.
UN & WHO INITIATIVES
There is consequently an urgent need to ensure that syringes and needles are discharged after single use. The UN through WHO have taken a number of initiatives to support Re-Use Prevention (RUP) technologies, practices and logistic chains.
The development of Auto-Disable Syringes (ADS) stand at the core of this initiative. WHO has also issued policy papers and guidelines to the
aid of individual countries.
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